Role of Submarine Canyons on Shelfbreak Erosion and Sedimentation: Modern and Ancient Examples
Published:January 01, 1983
Jeffrey A. May, John E. Warme, Richard A. Slater, 1983. "Role of Submarine Canyons on Shelfbreak Erosion and Sedimentation: Modern and Ancient Examples", The Shelfbreak: Critical Interface on Continental Margins, Daniel Jean Stanley, George T. Moore
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Heads of submarine canyons may occur anywhere on continental margins, from river mouths to continental slopes, producing a distinctive interface between shallow- and deep-marine environments. Inception of most canyons is subaerial, fluvially cut during lowered sealevel. Submarine mass flow also commences canyon formation. Submarine erosion shapes all canyons, and is especially effective in the headward region. Sliding and slumping are volumetrically most important as erosive agents, but sand spillover, bioerosion, sand flow, sand creep, and debris flow all play a part. Fluctuating channelized currents and low-velocity turbidity currents also erode and transport sediments.
Canyons alter shelfbreak circulation and sedimentation....
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The Shelfbreak: Critical Interface on Continental Margins
The shelfbreak is that point where the first major change in gradient occurs on the outermost edge of the continental shelf. Although this environment delimits the boundary between two principal and well-defined provinces, the continental shelf and slope - and thus is of the first order of importance on continental margins - it has received surprisingly little specific attention in either modern oceans or in the rock record. This volume, the first compendium dedicated specifically to the shelfbreak, was derived from an SEPM Research Symposium convened at the joint Annual Meeting of SEPM and AAPG on June 2, 1981. The material is organized in a manner to illustrate examples of the shelfbreak in both modern oceans and the rock record.