With a land area of approx. 1,000,000 km2 along the western edge of the Sahara desert and 90% covered by gravel and sand dunes (Fig. 1, inset), the Islamic Republic of Mauritania may not be on the top of many exploration managers’ lists of places to expend their exploration budgets. The harsh desert climate and lack of water keep most of the country’s population of 3 million confined to four or five cities along the Atlantic coast and Senegal River and ensure that transportation corridors and infrastructure development in the interior of the country are limited. The...

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