Editor’s note: Smimov uses the weathering definition of eluvial, meaning “an accumulation of rock debris produced*in-place by decomposition or disintegration of rock; a residue.” Two other terms in Smimov’s classification are not in common usage in North America nor in North American placer classification schemes By Russian definition, diluvium is an accumulation of fragments on the surface of slopes close to the source rock, predominantly moved by gravity. In North America, proluvium is a “complex, friable deltaic sediment accumulated at the fool of a slope as a result of an occasional torrential washing of fragmental material” (Glossary of Geology, 1972, American Geological Institute, Washington, D.C.).

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