Ultimate sources of uranium are believed to be either fluids from Morrison volcanoes (not demonstrable) or labile constituents in the Jackpile Sandstone. Petrographic studies indicate considerable pre-Dakota diagenesis, which would have made uranium in feldspars, heavy minerals, and volcanic debris available. Deposition of uranium occurred while host sandstone was near the surface during the pre-Dakota hiatus. Sedimentary permeability was the principal factor in distribution of ore and of the organic decomposition products that precipitated it.

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