The most important mineral deposits of Yugoslavia are nonferrous ores genetically related to Tertiary volcanic activity. They include the lead-zinc and antimony deposits of the Vardar tectonic trough, copper ores in the east Serbian block-faulted mountain belt, and numerous arsenic and molybdenum occurrences. Extensive chromite mineralization and smaller magnesite and asbestos deposits are associated with dislocated pre-Tertiry serpentine rocks mainly in south Serbia and adjacent parts of Macedonia. Hydrothermal iron ores and quicksilver-bearing tetrahedrite occurrences are among the mineral deposits associated with the Paleozoic limestone-schist complex of Bosnia. Sedimentary deposits include bedded and residual iron ores and widespread bauxite occurrences.

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