This paper presents the relationship of oil production to structure in eastern Venezuela. The exploration and development are confined to the Maturin Basin, a geosynclinal area characterized by sediments ranging in age from Cretaceous to Recent. A thick blanket of Pleistocene and Recent deposits covers practically all of the oil formations. The present commercially producing fields are located near seepages, but the areas now being developed were located by scientific exploration.Each of the developed fields is discussed separately giving attention to the operating problems and the technique developed in order to obtain the oil.

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