The Snow Lake camp is located in the ca. 1.89 Ga Flin Flon-Glennie Complex in the Paleoproterozoic Trans-Hudson orogen, Manitoba, Canada. The Flin Flon-Glennie Complex is bordered by the ca. 1.855 to 1.84 Ga metasedimentary Kisseynew domain to the north and by the Archean Superior craton to the east and is underlain by the Archean Sask microcraton. It hosts several orogenic gold deposits, including the No. 3 zone, Boundary zone, and New Britannia deposit (Toots, Dick, Hogg, Ruttan, and Mine East zones), which formed during thrusting of the Flin Flon-Glennie Complex and Kisseynew domain over the Sask microcraton. The New Britannia deposit produced 1.6 Moz Au and is the largest orogenic gold deposit in the Trans-Hudson orogen in Manitoba. The deposits consist of quartz ± carbonate veins surrounded by alteration zones of biotite, hornblende, plagioclase ± carbonate, diopside, orthoclase, and garnet. The veins and ore zones are folded within the hinge of the synthrusting Nor-Acme anticline, which has an axial plane cleavage defined by biotite and hornblende, but they also cut across the hinge of the anticline and contain foliated fragments of the wall rocks. These mutually overprinting relationships suggest that the veins and ore zones are synfolding. Garnet, diopside, and amphibole porphyroblasts grew during folding because they overgrow the foliation, which also wraps around them. Inclusions of gold and sulfide minerals within the porphyroblasts indicate that mineralization was emplaced early during folding at greenschist or lower amphibolite metamorphic conditions prior to the growth of the porphyroblasts at peak middle amphibolite metamorphic conditions. These observations are corroborated by laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry element maps of arsenopyrite grains. These maps reveal a primary internal enrichment of gold in arsenopyrite grains from the Toots, No. 3, and Boundary zones and a lack of primary lattice-bound gold in arsenopyrite grains of the Dick, Ruttan, and Mine East zones. The latter results from the deposition or remobilization of gold during a second hydrothermal event that occurred during shearing of these ore zones along a structure, the Howe Sound fault, which acted as a detachment surface during folding. The Snow Lake deposits are examples of orogenic gold deposits that formed early during a major thrusting and folding event and were later modified and metamorphosed at middle amphibolite facies conditions during the same progressive orogenic event.

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