Alteration mineralogy from shortwave infrared (SWIR) spectroscopy was compared with X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses for samples from the Zhengguang intermediate sulfidation epithermal Au-Zn deposit, eastern Central Asian orogenic belt, northeast China. The SWIR and XRD analyses indicate that alteration minerals in the vein-adjacent halo mainly comprise quartz, illite, and locally pyrite (QIP) and chlorite, whereas samples from the pervasive propylitic alteration of host basaltic andesite lava contain epidote, chlorite, carbonate, montmorillonite, and locally illite. SWIR mineral identifications from automated mineral identification software may not always be accurate; thus, the results should be validated by the user. The wavelength position of the Al-OH (~2,200 nm; wAlOH) absorption feature can be used to approximate the composition of illite or white mica. However, caution is required when using the wAlOH value to assess paleotemperatures, as the composition of illite can be influenced by the composition of the host rocks or the hydrothermal fluid. In addition, values of the illite spectral maturity (ISM; ratio of the depth of the ~2,200 nm minima divided by the ~1,900 nm minima) can be affected by the presence of other hydrous minerals, quartz-sulfide veins, and absorption intensity (which can be a function of rock coloration). Despite these cautions, the spatial distribution and variation of the wAlOH and ISM values for illite suggest that the high paleotemperature hydrothermal upflow zones related to the Zhengguang Au-Zn deposit were located below ore zones I and IV, which are predicted to be proximal to the intrusive center of the system.

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