A large proportion of the disseminated sulfide ores of the Norilsk-Talnakh camp are hosted within olivine-rich, ultramafic cumulate layers called picro-gabbrodolerite units. In this study we quantitatively analyze the chemistry and textures of the silicate and oxide minerals within olivine-bearing cumulates of the Kharaelakh, Norilsk 1, and Talnakh intrusions to determine how these intrusions compare to each other and to establish the liquidus phase assemblage and crystallization sequence and how the liquid component evolved during solidification.
Crystal size distributions indicate that much of the olivine and clinopyroxene oikocrysts grew together in situ as the first of the cumulus phases at contrasting growth rates. These large clinopyroxene oikocrysts record a significant drop in Cr in the system by a significant decrease in Cr content of the outer rims compared to the cores. The chadacrysts of olivine and spinel within the clinopyroxene record the chemistry of the first stages of crystallization, while the minerals in the framework of the cumulate show a relative reduction in Cr and enrichment in incompatible elements such as Ti, Zn, Y, and the rare earth elements, indicative of the enrichment through reactions with the trapped liquid during postcumulate growth.
Due to the entrapment of the olivine and spinel in rapidly growing clinopyroxene, these minerals record a history of the changing chemistry during cumulate and postcumulate growth, giving us an insight into the changing conditions during the solidification of intrusions.