The fill of the Mesoproterozoic Belt-Purcell Basin, which straddles the United States-Canada border within the Rocky Mountains of western North America (Fig. 1), consists of marine and nonmarine clastic and carbonate strata 15 to 20 km thick. Three giant metal-producing ore deposits or districts account for the bulk of the known metal endowment within the bounds of the Belt-Purcell Basin: (1) the syndepositional Sullivan Pb-Zn-Ag deposit in southern British Columbia (total production: Pb, 8.4 million tonnes [Mt]; Zn, 7.9 Mt; Ag, 0.0093 Mt; Lydon, 2000), (2) the mesothermal Pb-Zn-Ag veins of the Coeur d’Alene district in northern...

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