Since the creation of the Geological Survey of Nigeria in 1903, numerous studies have been carried out on various aspects of the geology and mineral resources of Nigeria. Early studies focused on the development of a mineral inventory for the country. The results of these studies have had the effect that subsequent publications on the geology of Nigeria have overwhelmingly been from areas of known mineral occurrences. These publications have helped define at least 34 major and numerous minor mineral deposits, dominated by those containing cassiterite, columbite, and tantalite. However, the skewed spatial distribution of areas covered by publications on...

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