Abstract

The Upper Archean volcanic succession in the Kamiskotia area (Abitibi greenstone belt, Timmins region) hosts a series of past-producing copper-zinc volcanic-associated massive sulfide (VMS) deposits. All of these occur within a restricted, east-facing stratigraphic interval in the upper part of the Kamiskotia Volcanic Complex. New U-Pb ages for this interval, ranging from 2701.1 ± 1.4 to 2698.6 ± 1.3 Ma, and an age of 2703.1 ± 1.2 Ma from the lower part of the Kamiskotia Volcanic Complex, indicate that the complex is likely part of the Blake River assemblage (2701–2697 Ma) rather than the older Tisdale assemblage (2710–2703 Ma). The Kamiskotia Volcanic Complex consists largely of felsic and mafic lava flows, and VMS mineralization appears to have generally developed at or near the sea floor close to inferred synvolcanic faults.

New U-Pb ages of 2714.6 ± 1.2 and 2712.3 ± 2.8 Ma from the northeast-facing volcanic succession in the northern part of the study area (Loveland, Macdiarmid, and Thorburn Townships) indicate that it forms part of the Kidd-Munro assemblage (2719–2710 Ma). A west-northwest–trending faulted contact is inferred between this older succession and the Kamiskotia Volcanic Complex rocks to the south. The Kidd-Munro assemblage rocks are coeval with the Kidd Volcanic Complex, which hosts the giant Kidd Creek VMS deposit 30 km to the east of the study area. The lower part of the succession, in south-central Loveland Township, consists of high silica FIIIb rhyolites. These rocks are geochemically similar to ore-associated FIIIb rocks from Kidd Creek and seem likely to represent the most prospective part of this succession.

Future exploration in the Kamiskotia Volcanic Complex is probably best focused on the along-strike extension of the VMS-hosting interval and, in particular, on areas close to the intersections of synvolcanic faults. Mafic and felsic volcaniclastic strata which can be replaced by VMS mineralization, and felsic coherent facies flows and/or domes, appear to be important potential targets.

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