U–Pb geochronological studies have shown at least two stages of Neoproterozoic magmatism, 940–933 and 804–789 Ma, throughout the geologic evolution of the Bureya continental massif in the east of the Central Asian Fold Belt. The first stage (940–933 Ma) was marked by the formation of the protoliths of metagabbroids and amphibole–biotite gneiss–granites of the Bureya River basin. The geochemical features of these rocks suggest that they formed, most probably, in an island-arc setting on the continental basement or on an active continental margin. The second stage (804–789 Ma) of magmatism was manifested as the formation of biotite leucogranites and hastingsite–lepidomelane granites (A-type granites) in the Chepkan River basin. The latter rocks are similar in geochemical features to within-plate granitoids. The established stages of magmatism are the most ancient for the continental massifs in the east of the Central Asian Fold Belt. It is not ruled out that these magmatism stages were related to the stages of formation and breakup of the Rodinia supercontinent.