Abstract

Cr-V-bearing rocks of the Sludyanka metamorphic complex in the Southern Baikal area contain accessory niobian rutile with Nb contents unusually high for metamorphic rocks (10–12 to 20–25 wt.% Nb2O5, or, occasionally, up to 36–37 wt.%). Incorporation of Nb5+ into the rutile structure is balanced by Cr3+ and V3+, which reach 16 wt.% Cr2O3 and 8 wt.% (or, rarely, up to 20 wt.%) V2O3. The distribution of Nb, Cr, and V in rutile is very uneven, down to the microscale. It does not depend on PT conditions, being rather controlled by crystallization kinetics of minerals competing with rutile in the paragenesis.

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