Products of thermal cracking of kerogen of Lower–Middle Cambrian oil shale are studied by modern instrumental analytical methods (FTIR, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, etc.). The analyses demonstrate that the geopolymer kerogen matrix inherited fragments of lipids synthesized by living organisms, including aliphatic fat acids, both free or bounded into glycerol esters, i.e., animal or vegetable fats. It is shown that vegetable pigments (carotenes and xanthophylls) play a crucial role in the formation of monocyclic structures (including molecular alkylbenzene, alkylphenol, and phenylalkane fragments) in kerogen. Since the studied kerogen is rich in esters, it is worth performing alkaline hydrolysis of its macromolecules (ester saponification) before their thermolysis, which inevitably distorts the initial structure of molecular skeletons.

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