The role of overpressures in thermochemical processes in the South Caspian basin is considered. The studies, which take the world experience into account, suggest that the South Caspian basin (mainly its deep-water part), as well as other basins with abnormally high fluid pressures, is characterized by retarded kerogen and oil cracking and reaction of clay-mineral transformation. These processes can be periodically intensified by the development of diapirs and mud volcanoes, which are centers of pulsed hydrocarbon discharge from the system. The conclusion is made that deeply buried deposits in basins with fluid overpressure are promising in terms of hydrocarbon pools.

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