The role of fracture and faulting zones in the filtration inhomogeneity of productive formations in oil and gas fields has been considered. The absence of fracture or faulting zones from geological and, consequently, hydrodynamical models reduces the flooding efficiency and the oil recovery factor in general.
The current situation results from the underdevelopment of methods for the mapping and classification of fracture zones based on seismic-prospecting data. For example, the use of the seismic-horizon gradient method makes it possible to describe only complete rock fracturing at tectonic-block boundaries.
We propose to use the structural inhomogeneity of the deformation field of seismic horizons for a more complete description and classification of fracture zones by the faulting regime. This parameter is suitable not only for late but also for early stages of faulting and describes block-boundary deformations more accurately than gradients. The example of a West Siberian oil and gas field showed that the production wells from the J1 productive formation in the faulting zones with the calculated post-Cenomanian structural inhomogeneity of the deformation field have considerably higher discharges owing to fracture permeability.