Crustal kinematic characteristics such as strain and displacement rates are important in the monitoring of present-day processes in zones of seismic and industrial hazard. Strain measurements on different temporal and spatial baselines reveal potentially hazardous zones. Data on coseismic displacements and strain can be used to refine earthquake models, and long-term characteristics are important in searching for earthquake precursors and studying the rheology of the crust and fault zones. Tilt measurements in the adit of the Talaya seismic station (51.68° N, 103.64° E, South Baikal region) began in 1985; strain measurements, in 1990; and GPS measurements, in 2000.
The data reflect time variation in the local strain parameters and permit a comparison with the GPS data on the region and western Central Asia. The data on strain variations obtained in the Ala-Archa underground observatory (42.63° N, 74.50° E, North Tien Shan) are analyzed together with those obtained in the region by GPS methods.
Strain rates on very long baselines were determined using data from permanent IGS stations for Central Asia—the territory expanding from Dzungaria in the south to the Siberian Platform in the north and from the Tien Shan in the west to Lake Baikal in the east. We consider the example of using strain gaging and GPS data to construct a dislocation model and refine the parameters of the Kultuk earthquake (South Baikal region, 27 August 2008, M = 6.3).