Abstract

The Bulka intrusion, a standard intrusion of the Bulka complex, is localized in northeastern West Sayan. The layered series is composed of dunites, melanotroctolites, troctolites, olivine gabbro, gabbro, hornblende gabbro, olivine leucogabbro, olivine leucogabbronorites, leucogabbro, hornblende leucogabbro, leucotroctolites, anorthosites, and plagioclase-bearing hornblendites. The Mg-number (Mg#) varies from 76 in peridotites (38 wt.% MgO) to 34 in anorthosites (2 wt.% MgO). From bottom to top of the section, the following crystallization sequence of liquidus minerals is observed: Ol ⇒ Pl ⇒ Cpx ⇒ Opx ⇒ Amph + Mag. The petrochemical features of the intrusion rocks are consistent with the fractional crystallization of picritic parental magma (24 wt.% MgO, 11 wt.% FeO, Mg# = 80). The compositions of model cumulates determined by fractional crystallization modeling using the COMAGMAT 3.5 computer program at 1–2 kbar, QFM buffer, and 0.5 wt.% H2O in the melt are similar to those of the Bulka intrusion rocks. The REE and trace-element patterns for these rocks show a nonfractionated composition trend with LILE and HFSE depletion. The LILE patterns are similar to those in N-MORB, which evidences that the parental magma was produced through the partial melting of the oceanic lithospheric mantle probably similar to the adjacent ophiolites of the Kurtushiba belt. The HFSE depletion of the intrusion rocks might be due to the island-arc processes during the belt formation. The Bulka intrusion formed at the accretion-collision stage of magmatism as a result of the differentiation of picritic melt generated from the oceanic lithospheric mantle with superposed island-arc processes.

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