Abstract

Based on study of fluid and melt inclusions in minerals from igneous rocks and associated ore-metasomatic objects, we consider the formation conditions of oxidized fluids produced at the final stages of differentiation of alkali-basic, alkaline, lamproitic, and some granitoid melts. These fluids are characterized by wide variations in composition, concentrations, and physicochemical parameters (P, T, Eh, pH, etc.) and are of sulfate-chloride, sulfate-carbonate, sulfate-fluoride, fluoride-sulfate, essentially sulfate, and other types. The specific composition of these magmatogene fluids showing a high extractive power favors the effective removal of ore-forming elements (Fe, Mn, Co, N, Ag, Cu, Pb, Zn, Mo, W, Bi, U, REE, etc.) from melt and their trapping from the host rocks. The set of these elements is determined by P-T-X-parameters, conditions of fluid separation from melts, composition of fluid-generating magmas, and geochemical composition and metal-bearing capacity of rocks through which the fluids migrate. These factors significantly determine the metallogeny of alkaline, alkali-basic, and some granitoid complexes and associated mineralization.

You do not currently have access to this article.