Many papers in this Special Issue have been prepared after the presentations of the authors at the workshop “Development of the Arctic: Competition or Collaboration?” held as part of the 6th Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum at the Siberian Federal University on 27–28 February 2009 (moderator N.P. Laverov, RAS academician). At the same time, they cover most of Arctic projects of the RAS basic research program “Problems of Oceanography: Physics, Geology, Biology, and Ecology” (coordinators R.I. Nigmatullin and N.L. Dobretsov), and thus represent the Arctic subprogram of the Program.

The importance of the Arctic for Russia’s national economy and security was on...

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