Abstract

Physical, physicochemical, and mineralogical-petrographic methods have been applied to samples of ophiolite-hosted chromite ore from different deposits and occurrences in the Urals. Temperature dependences of dielectric loss obtained for nine chromite ore samples consisting of 95–98% Cr spinel show prominent peaks indicating a relaxation origin of the loss. The analyzed samples have the loss peaks at different temperatures depending mainly on H = (FeO/Fe2O3)* : (FeO/Fe2O3)**, where (FeO/Fe2O3)* and (FeO/Fe2O3)** are, respectively, the ferrous/ferric oxide ratios in the samples before and after heating to 800 °C, and H is thus the heating-induced relative change in the FeO/Fe2O3 ratio. These peak temperatures vary from 550 °C (sample 1, high-Cr chromium spinel with more than 52% Cr2O3) to 750 °C (sample 2, aluminous and magnesian spinel with less than 30% Cr2O3), and H ranges correspondingly from 1.61 to 5.49. The temperature of the loss peaks is related with H as H = 34.30 − 11.52N + 1.20N2, with an error of σ = 0.19 (N = T · 10−2, T is temperature in °C).

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