Microdiamonds (crystals smaller than 1 mm) of octahedral and cubic habit from Udachnaya kimberlite pipe (Yakutia) have been compared in order to distinguish genetic features inferred from carbon isotopic composition and impurity defects. Microdiamonds of cubic habit from the Udachnaya kimberlite pipe have a fibrous internal structure and a high content of nitrogen impurity (400–3000 ppm). Octahedral microdiamonds from the same deposit are distinguished by a low nitrogen content of 0 to 500 ppm and zoning structure. The isotopic composition of carbon (δ13C is –4.7‰ for octahedra and –4.5‰ for cuboids) suggests a common source of carbon for these morphologic groups. The studied characteristics can be due to crystallization of octahedra from carbon dissolved in the melt, and cuboids, under the conditions of the hampered diffusion of carbon.