Abstract

There has been significant structural damage of newly built residential buildings in Quarter-27 District in the SE of Cairo, Egypt. A nearby active limestone quarry may also be affecting ground stability. This paper shows how a near-surface geophysical survey could characterize the site, unusually after the initial housing construction had already been undertaken. Geophysical surveys included seismic refraction (acquired between phases of quarry blasting), electrical resistivity and ground penetrating radar (GPR) 1D and 2D datasets. Geophysical results produced maps of a 3D ground model that also included water table depth, known major faults and a saturated layer that may have caused the building damage. Of the geophysical techniques trialled electrical resistivity tomography and GPR data were deemed optimal. This study shows that it is possible to undertake geophysical surveys to characterize a restricted urban site development.

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