Abstract

The paper aims to characterise vertical variations in horizontal hydraulic properties in a fractured carbonate aquifer, the Cretaceous Chalk in E. Yorkshire, UK. Two approaches are used: an inverse model of well flow applied to flow logs of pumped open wells; and open well dilution testing. In this case study, transmissivity in the unconfined part of the aquifer is dominated by the highly permeable zone of water table fluctuation, where carbonate dissolution has occurred enhancing fracture aperture; a similar enhanced permeability zone is present at the top of the aquifer where it is confined beneath glacial deposits although periglacial physical weathering during Quaternary cold periods, rather than carbonate dissolution, is responsible. The aquifer is also shown to contain deeper permeable horizons of stratigraphic origin which are better developed in the unconfined section.

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