Noel Boylan, Paul Jennings & Michael Long reply: The authors thank the discussers for their kind comments and interest in the paper (Boylan et al. 2008). The 10−7 risk of fatality from peat failures given in the paper is based on the population exposed to the risk of peat failures in Ireland, and has been determined using the average individual risk (AIR). This was calculated as follows (see Lee & Jones 2004):  
AIR=numberoffatalities/yearexposedpopulation.
The number of recorded fatalities caused by peat failures is 36; the number of...

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