The island of Taiwan is affected by an average of about four typhoons per year, most of which are accompanied by intense precipitation. This often leads to flooding and the extensive occurrence of landslides and rockfalls. Typhoon Mindulle, which passed across Taiwan in late June/early July 2004, brought unusually high levels of precipitation. In some areas, the precipitation total for the period 30th June to 4th July 2004 exceeded 2100 mm (Fig. 1), which represents over 80% of the average annual rainfall (c. 2500 mm) for these regions. The result was the occurrence of extensive floods,...

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