Almost all engineering geological publications in the United Kingdom date from the 20th and 21st centuries. However, a long forgotten Memoir of the then Geological Survey of the United Kingdom described the soils and subsoils of London and the surrounding area in terms of foundation conditions associated with natural and artificial soils, geological hazards and groundwater pollution. This Memoir was first published in 1897 and was accompanied by a simple form of engineering geological map, in colour, based on lithological units rather than stratigraphical ones. The Memoir sold out but was revised and republished as a second edition in 1906. Nothing similar was published by the Survey until the 1970’s and a modern engineering geological description of the London area was not published until 1997.

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