A. D. Boggett, N. J. Mapplebeck, R. J. Cullen; South Shore Cliffs, Whitehaven—Geomorphological survey and emergency cliff stabilization works. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology ; 33 (3): 213–226. doi: https://doi.org/10.1144/qjegh.33.3.213
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Following a period of intense rainfall during the winter of 1996/1997, a sliding rock failure occurred along a section of the Whitehaven coastline, West Cumbria. A detailed geomorphological mapping exercise and risk assessment was carried out along a 1 km section of coastline which identified several other potentially unstable areas. A combination of the geological structure and site history has promoted instabilities. Emergency remedial works for the failing rock unit were undertaken in January 1998. The emergency works comprised the removal of all loose materials by hand and the breaking up of rock using expansive grout techniques.