Unplanned and non-systematic construction activities including road and building have been a major cause of environmental degradation in hilly terrains. Ill-conceived human urbanization over preciptous and critically stable hill slopes developed on geologically weak rock formations has often contributed to the instability of the slopes. The paper deals with impacts of human encroachment on the fragile ecological balance of Nainital, a famous hill resort of the Kamaun Himalaya, and discusses a scheme of mitigation measures to prevent further degradation of the environmental stability of the region.

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