Although impossible to forecast accurately, it seems highly probable that sea level will rise by 200–400 mm over the next sixty years and the annual rate of rise will increase from 1–2 to 4–6 mm/year. The rise will present no new problems to coastal engineers but existing problems will be exacerbated, drawing further attention to the lack of a coordinated sea defence or coastal protection policy. Improvement requires a strategy involving planners and engineers in a concept of coastal zone management.

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