Previous basin modelling of the Faroe-Shetland Basin (FSB, offshore UK) has suggested mid-Cretaceous petroleum generation, which predates the deposition of the working Paleogene reservoirs and traps. To justify the time discrepancy between generation, reservoir and trap formation, factors such as intermediary accumulations and overpressure have been invoked. However, across much of the FSB, the Cretaceous sequences that overly the Kimmeridgian source rock are heavily intruded by Paleogene-aged intrusions. Recent modelling has shown that the emplacement of the intrusions, coupled with lower radiogenic heat production from underlying basement, leads to estimates of petroleum generation occurring up to 40 Myr more recently than suggested by previous models. In this work, we seek to better understand the role that igneous intrusions have exerted on petroleum generation and migration in the FSB. Models with varying thicknesses of Paleogene intrusions are compared with those that consider the Cretaceous sequence as purely sedimentary (i.e. similar to assumptions in previous modelling). The estimated times of petroleum generation are compared with geochronological constraints on the ages of oils (i.e. 90-68 Ma) and deposition and formation of other petroleum system elements. By considering only the effect of igneous intrusions, the expulsion onset from the source rocks is retarded by up to approximately 12 Myr. In addition, our models show the impact of the intrusions on petroleum saturation and migration suggesting that intrusions have potentially compartmentalised the basin, trapping petroleum beneath or within the sill complex. Finally, our findings suggest that basin models in regions impacted by significant magmatism need to consider the impact of intrusions to more accurately constrain both petroleum generation and migration.
Thematic collection: This article is part of the UKCS Atlantic Margin collection available at: https://www.lyellcollection.org/topic/collections/new-learning-from-exploration-and-development-in-the-ukcs-atlantic-margin