High resolution marine gravity data and 3D post-stack seismic data from the central North Sea have been jointly interpreted. The accuracy of the gravity data allowed the detection of density contrasts related to a Quaternary sub-glacial melt-water channel, a shallow gas accumulation and a Tertiary gas chimney. The combination of gravity and seismic data is shown to particularly improve the detection of the shallow gas accumulation.
The interpretation included visual correlation of gravity images and seismic data performed in a seismic workstation environment, as well as 2.5D gravity modelling along selected seismic profiles. The successful application of this method on shallow targets requires a limited complexity of the shallow strata as well as targets defined by a distinct density contrast and a reasonable size. Data requirements include high-resolution bathymetric and free air gravity data. Bouguer gravity data, which are commonly used in exploration, cannot be used here as densities may vary within the uppermost layer below the sea bottom.