Abstract

This study concerns the modelling of complex tidal heterogeneities found in the Lower Jurassic Tilje Formation offshore mid-Norway. The Tilje Formation is characterized by tidal channels, tidal bars (shoals), tidal flats and deltaic deposits. The lithofacies associations have been modelled as large-scale objects with a wide range of shapes (channels, sheets and lobes). In addition small-scale models of the internal bedding structure have been generated in order to calculate effective permeability values at appropriate modelling scales.

In order to assess the influence of the static input factors on recovery predictions, several production response variables were recorded for each of the 120 realizations generated. These include: streamline densities, breakthrough time measured in movable pore volume injected, pore volume tracer injected at 50% and 95% tracer fraction in the producer, and recovery factor of movable pore water at 95% tracer fraction in the producer. For this purpose we used a streamline reservoir simulator (Frontsim) with a tracer option (single-phase flow simulations).

By using analysis of variance, we identified the following parameters which have the largest influence on single-phase fluid flow: (1) dimension of large-scale bar objects; (2) effective permeabilities of marginal (background) facies; and (3) interaction effects between bar objects and background permeabilities. In addition, the effective permeability values of the marginal facies are highly controlled by certain thresholds in mud content.

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