This paper describes how 87 Sr/ 86 Sr ratios in formation waters are used to evaluate compartmentalization of hydrocarbon reservoirs. Strontium Isotope Residual Salt Analysis (SrRSA) of core samples provides a means of measuring 87 Sr/ 86 Sr ratios in formation water from hydrocarbon columns and aquifers. Smooth SrRSA profiles suggest progressive, uninterrupted, filling and the absence of sealed barriers, while a step change in a profile normally suggests a barrier sealed up-dip from the well penetration. Inferences about lateral connectivity are made by comparing SrRSA profiles from neighbouring wells at TVD. Profiles that are superimposed when plotted at TVD suggest the well sections share a common filling history and lie in the same flow unit. Neighbouring SrRSA profiles that are not superimposed normally suggest segmented compartmentalization of the reservoir. Post-fill structural tilting of reservoirs and hydrodynamism synchronous with filling are processes which complicate data interpretation. Drilling mud contamination of core water is the most serious technical limitation of the SrRSA technique.