Abstract

ABSTRACT

Velocity behaviour in chalks is determined by a combination of their depositional conditions and subsequent diagenesis. Based on rock physics data from three drill sites on the Ontong Java Plateau, a strategy for velocity modelling is proposed where geological information is imposed via pore structure models.

The Reuss and time-average relations define upper and lower bounds of the velocity data and the self-consistent approximation was applied to find direct links between velocity and changes in microstructure. The latter approach provides an estimate of the dynamic changes of the pore structure as a result of diagenesis in chalks. Depositional pore-models of chalks were determined from environmental conditions and can be defined from textural information. Mechanical compaction and cementation decrease porosity as a function of depth, but may increase the velocity by different rates as the pore structure changes differently. Discrimination between sediment stiffness and pore structure stiffness enables us to justify low velocity for indurated sediments and high velocity for soft sediments. Our results indicate the relevance of the pore structure to velocity interpretation because some variations in velocity data may result from pore structure differences rather than changes in fluid or porosity.

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