The key causes of heterogeneity within progradational shallow-marine reservoirs have been defined as: shoreline type (wave vs. fluvial dominated); shoreline trajectory; the presence of permeability contrasts associated with dipping clinoform surfaces within the shoreface or delta front; the presence of cemented barriers between parasequences; and the progradation direction of the shoreline (described with respect to the main waterflood direction in the simulated reservoir). These parameters were recorded from a series of 56 modern and ancient depositional systems from a variety of climatic and tectonic settings. These data were then used to build the 408 synthetic sedimentological models that formed the basis for the SAIGUP study.

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