It is now well documented that fossil fuels are experiencing peak production now. This is shown in Figure 6.1 from the Association for the Study of Peak Oil (Aleklett, 2007; Aleklett et al., 2012). It appears to be a consensus among petroleum geologists that conventional oil went through maximum production around 2005–2010 and that the continued increase in production comes from unconventional sources like tar sands, shale oil and deep ocean extraction (Bartlett, 1999; Campbell, 2013). Figure 6.2 shows another figure published by Association for the Study of Peak Oil in 2007. It...

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