Exploration of the evolution of atmospheric CO2 and the seawater CO2-carbonic acid-carbonate system during the Phanerozoic Eon requires some information on the fundamental properties of the carbonate minerals. In this section we consider the mineralogy and chemistry of the solid carbonate phases and their stability relationships. Much of this section and others in the Supplementary Information sections of this monograph is derived from the books Geochemistry of Sedimentary Carbonates by Morse and Mackenzie (1990) and Carbon in the Geobiosphere—Earth’s Outer Shell by Mackenzie and Lerman (2006) and based extensively on papers by Mackenzie and colleagues.

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Sediments and...

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