In 2005, at the University in Reykjavik, I gave a lecture on global warming and the need for carbon capture and storage. Iceland’s President, Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, was in the audience. Afterward, he told me that he wanted his country to be the first in the world to become CO2 neutral. Building on this interest, a group of us suggested that an experiment be conducted in Iceland to determine whether it was feasible to dispose of CO2 by injecting it into basalt. This mode of disposal would have the advantage that the CO2 would be chemically fixed,...

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