Cymatiosphaera hymenosynypha Morbey 1975, previously recorded from the Rhaetian Westbury Formation in the United Kingdom, occurs in Triassic–Jurassic boundary strata from Denmark. From the present study it is clear that this small, finely reticulate, ellipsoidal, two-layered palynomorph is not a prasinophyte, but a dinoflagellate cyst with a combination apical/intercalary archaeopyle (type tAtI) which involves three apical plates plus one intercalary plate. This cavate cyst is morphologically similar but not identical to Valvaeodinium hanneae Piasecki 2001 from the uppermost Bathonian to lower Callovian of East Greenland, and it is therefore here transferred to Valvaeodinium, as Valvaeodinium hymenosynypha (Morbey) Lindström comb. nov. The appearance of Valvaeodinium hymenosynypha in Rhaetian strata in the Danish Basin suggests that the lineage of cavate Valvaeodinium cysts originated in the Late Triassic alongside a chorate species of the genus. Valvaeodinium hymenosynypha seems to have survived just barely past the end-Triassic mass extinction as it is also present in the earliest Hettangian.