Biogeochemical processes are of tremendous importance for determining the fate of many organic and inorganic compounds in the subsurface. Most global elemental cycles involve biogeochemical transformation, and the recycling of carbon and nutrients relies almost exclusively on biogeochemical processes. In particular, the majority of natural organic compounds are biogeochemically reactive, but also a large number of anthropogenic organic carbon compounds can be biogeochemically transformed, for instance, during the biodegradation of organic contaminants. Furthermore, inorganic compounds such as e.g., many nitrogen, phosphorus or sulfur compounds, metal compounds or minerals are directly or indirectly affected by biogeochemical reactions. To which extent and...

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