The movement of injected CO2 through permeable pore networks determines its distribution and stability within reservoirs used for carbon sequestration (Fig. 1), and this process is dependent on capillary interactions with the displaced brine (IPCC 2005; Benson and Cole 2008). Capillary phenomena controlling the distribution of CO2 and reservoir brine depend on pore size (from mm to nm), wetting and interfacial properties. The pressure of the usually nonwetting CO2 phase relative to that of the native brine is the capillary pressure, Pc, which in combination with pore size, wettability, and...

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