Over the past two decades there has been heightened concern about, and an improving scientific description of, the impacts of increasing carbon dioxide concentrations in Earth’s atmosphere. Despite this concern, the global rate of addition of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere by the burning of fossil fuel, now approaching 10 Gton C/yr, continues to increase, and at an accelerating rate (Fig. 1a). Although many still hope and believe that carbon emissions can be arrested at near the current rates, and decreased over the remainder of the 21st century, there is as yet little evidence that this is...

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not currently have access to this article.