Carbon can be a major constituent of crustal and mantle fluids, occurring both as dissolved ionic species (e.g., carbonate ions or organic acids) and molecular species (e.g., CO2, CO, CH4, and more complex organic compounds). The chemistry of dissolved carbon changes dramatically with pressure (P) and temperature (T). In aqueous fluids at low P and T, molecular carbon gas species such as CO2 and CH4 saturate at low concentration to form a separate phase. With modest increases in P and T, these molecular species become fully miscible with...
The Chemistry of Carbon in Aqueous Fluids at Crustal and Upper-Mantle Conditions: Experimental and Theoretical Constraints
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Craig E. Manning, Everett L. Shock, Dimitri A. Sverjensky; The Chemistry of Carbon in Aqueous Fluids at Crustal and Upper-Mantle Conditions: Experimental and Theoretical Constraints. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 2013;; 75 (1): 109–148. doi: https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2013.75.5
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