The first studies on sulfur isotope geochemistry were performed approximately sixty years ago (e.g., Thode et al. 1949; Trofimov 1949). Since these early measurements on terrestrial and extra-terrestrial materials, S isotopes have been used to highlight and investigate several processes, such as the evolution of the solar system; the oxidation of the Earth’s atmosphere and hydrosphere; the genesis of ore deposits and fossil fuels (coal, oil, and gases); the origin and provenance of S species in different natural fluids, including groundwater, rainwater, as well as present-day and ancient marine waters (as recorded by evaporite deposits); the S isotope...

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