Volatile constituents dissolved in magmatic fluids control fundamental geologic processes including magma ascent, degassing, and eruption; metasomatism; and hydrothermal mineralization in the shallow crust, and volatile compounds involving sulfur are vigorous agents of these fluids. Volcanic outgassing of magmatic volatiles, including SO2 and H2S, to the atmosphere has influenced atmospheric chemistry throughout Earth’s history (Arthur 2000), and of particular importance has been the effectiveness of SO2- and H2SO4-laden stratospheric aerosols to reflect sunlight and cool Earth’s surface (Siggurdson et al. 1990; Oppenheimer et al. 2011, this...

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