Paleoelevation reconstruction using stable isotopes, although a relatively new science, is making a significant contribution to our understanding of the recent growth of the world’s major orogens. In this review we examine the use of both light stable isotopes of oxygen and the new “clumped-isotope” (Δ47) carbonate thermometer in carbonates from soils. Globally, the oxygen isotopic composition (δ18O) of rainfall decreases on average by about 2.8 ‰/km of elevation gain. This effect of elevation will in turn be archived in the δ18O value of soil carbonates, and paleoelevation can be reconstructed, provided (1) temperature...

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