Ore-forming hydrothermal systems often show signs of boiling. In certain classes of deposits—such as low-sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag veins—the chemical consequences of boiling are often considered the cause of ore mineral precipitation, while in others the role of boiling may rather lie in enforcing a favorable pressure-temperature regime. In yet other cases it may, however, be just a passive record of the conditions during ore formation, with little or no direct causal relation to the actual metal enrichment.

A quantitative understanding of the occurrence, the spatial and temporal extent, and the dynamic evolution of boiling zones in hydrothermal systems on a...

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