Calcium phosphate is the dominant solid mineral phase within the skeletal and dental tissues of vertebrates. This chapter concentrates on the structure and composition of the solid calcium inorganic orthophosphate (Ca–Pi) phase in bone and the mechanisms that are thought to induce the onset of this mineralization process as an example of biological mineralization in general. It is important to recognize that the Ca–Pi mineral phase is deposited in a living tissue and is a substance that is continuously being synthesized, resorbed and replaced by the action of living cells. Therefore, the composition, structure and other properties of the solid...

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